Thessaly Region of Greece
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Leading agricultural producer of olives and wines

Greece’s leading agricultural region and major food exporter

Located in central Greece, Thessaly is sometimes referred to as the “breadbasket” of Greece and is well connected with the country’s two major metropolitan areas.

The region is the fifth largest in terms of land area and third in terms of population, with its largest city, Larissa, numbering 281,713 inhabitants (2018). Thessaly is ringed by mountains to its north and west, which provide mostly adequate water resources to the central plain below and allow for its intensive cultivation.

Home to some of the most fertile agricultural lands in Greece, the region is a major food producer, with grains and cattle produced in the central plain, and sheep and goats raised in the Pindos mountains that dominate the west of the region. According to 2015 data, the share of the primary sector in regional gross value added was 12.3%, topping the ranks of all other regions in Greece.

Upgraded road and rail networks connect Thessaly to Greece’s two major metropolitan centres – Athens and Thessaloniki – and to export markets abroad. Meanwhile, the port of Volos provides an outlet to the sea. The islands of the Northern Sporades in the Aegean, the Pelion peninsula, and the Meteora monastic complex help draw some 700,000 visitors to the region each year.

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Key Facts

One of Greece’s leading agricultural producers, particularly of grains and cattle

Major producer of goat and sheep meat, dairy products, and fresh fruits and nuts

Upgraded rail and road networks provide access to major domestic and export markets


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Regional Opportunities




Agriculture accounts for approximately 35% of regional GDP.

Agriculture continues to have an important share in the Thessalian economy, accounting for roughly 35% of regional GDP. The region represents approximately 10% of the farms and 12% of the cultivated lands in Greece and mostly produces wheat, cotton, cereals, tobacco and many PDO products that include local cheeses, wines and spirits, among others. Other leading food products include fresh fruits, nuts, lamb and goat meat, and olives.

Learn more about Agri-Food in Greece

Thessaly welcomes 700,000 tourists a year, with most visiting the Sporades islands.

The islands of the Northern Sporades in the Aegean and the Pelion peninsula – the locations for the hit film Mamma Mia! – help support Thessaly’s relatively small tourism sector. These are complemented by the Meteora monastic complex in the western mountain region which has seen growing tourism interest, particularly among religious travellers.

Learn more about Tourism in Greece

Major producer of solar power, untapped wind potential

According to HAEE, Thessaly provided 14% of total solar power in Greece in 2018 and is one of the country’s producers of hydroelectric power. While it boasts potential in wind energy, of Greece’s 13 regions, Thessaly is second to last in terms of installed wind energy capacity with 19 MW, according to HWEA.

Learn more about Energy in Greece

In Numbers

Thessaly has been attracting foreign investment in the food processing sector, contributing to economic growth and the extroversion of the region in terms of exports.

  • €9,658 million

    GDP in 2018, in current prices

  • €13,400

    Per capita GDP in 2018, in current prices

  • €1.3 billion

    Value of exports recorded in 2018 (Greek Exporters Association)

  • 38.2%

    Percentage of active regional population with tertiary education and/or employed in science and technology (2018)

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Thessaly Demographics

About 28% of Thessaly’s active population works in the primary sector.

The region of Thessaly is evenly split between its urban and rural population with 44% of the region’s 718,740 residents living in urban areas and 40% in rural districts. In the last two decades, the region has seen a significant inflow of immigrants with almost half of them employed in agriculture. The capital city of Larissa is home to one fifth of the region’s inhabitants and is Greece’s sixth largest city, followed by the city of Volos.

  • 718,640

    Population (2019)

  • 6.7%

    Share of Greek population (2019)

  • 32.1%

    Tertiary Educational Attainment of population aged between 25-64 (2018)

  • 51.7/km2

    Population Density (2018)

Sources: Eurostat, Hellenic Statistical Authority, European Commission, Regional Governments, SETE, Enterprise Greece, and HWEA

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